A report released by The Citizen Lab at the University of Toronto this month found that multiple Ethiopian government agencies used spyware to monitor journalists, activists, and lawyers. One of the report’s authors, Bill Marczak, told Motherboard that he too was targeted. According to the report, the government used commercially available spyware to target more than 40 dissidents living in 20 different countries including the U.S. and the U.K. Government attackers would send targets an email with a link to a hostile website. Once on the site, a pop-up would appear prompting the viewer to install an Adobe Flash update. If clicked on, the spyware would then infect the viewer’s computer without their knowledge. From there, the government could monitor all of their online activity. Among those targeted were dissidents from Ethiopia’s Oromia region—one of Ethiopia’s nine ethnically based regional states. The members of this ethnic group have been at the center of a large regional conflic..