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US House report blasts failures of Boeing, FAA in 737 MAX certification

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An 18-month investigation by a U.S. House panel blasted Boeing Co and the Federal Aviation Administration over the 737 MAX which has been grounded since March 2019 after two fatal crashes killed 346 people.

FILE PHOTO: Boeing Co's logo is seen above the front doors of its largest jetliner factory in Everett, Washington, U.S. January 13, 2017. REUTERS/Alwyn Scott

16 Sep 2020 05:21PM
(Updated: 16 Sep 2020 05:21PM)

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WASHINGTON: An 18-month investigation by a U.S. House panel blasted Boeing Co and the Federal Aviation Administration over the 737 MAX which has been grounded since March 2019 after two fatal crashes killed 346 people.

The House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee's Democratic majority found numerous missteps in a nearly 250-page final report released Wednesday into the troubled plane's development.

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"Boeing failed in its design and development of the MAX, and the FAA failed in its oversight of Boeing and its certification of the aircraft," the report says, detailing a litany of problems in the plane's design and the government's approval of the plane.

The review found the crashes "were not the result of a singular failure, technical mistake, or mismanaged event."

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"They were the horrific culmination of a series of faulty technical assumptions by Boeings engineers, a lack of transparency on the part of Boeings management, and grossly insufficient oversight by the FAA — the pernicious result of regulatory capture on the part of the FAA."

Boeing said in a statement it "learned many hard lessons as a company from the accidents… and from the mistakes we have made. As this report recognizes, we have made fundamental changes to our company as a result, and continue to look for ways to improve."

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FAA said in a statement it will work with lawmakers "to implement improvements identified in its report." It added it is "focused on advancing overall aviation safety by improving our organization, processes, and culture."

The report said Boeing made "faulty design and performance assumptions" especially surrounding a key safety system, called MCAS, which was linked to both the Lion Air and Ethiopian Airlines crashes.

MCAS, which was designed to help counter a tendency of the MAX to pitch up, could activate after data from only a single sensor.

The report criticized Boeing for withholding "crucial information from the FAA, its customers, and 737 MAX pilots" including "concealing the very existence of MCASfrom 737 MAX pilots."

FAA is requiring a number of new safeguards to MCAS, includiRead More – Source